Around a decade ago the women of rural India had a completely different scenario than what one can see right now because a decade ago the basic work of a rural woman was only to handle her kitchen and look after children.
But now, if one takes a look at the current scenario of the rural women; one can clearly note the transformation because now, every woman is not only active in household chores but socially active as well.
The first major change that has taken place over the decades is that the female infanticide has stopped to a great extent, and now rural women encourage the birth of a girl child and it has been observed that families of rural areas have at least one girl child in every family; moreover, now families focus more on the education of the girl child rather than getting her married at a young age.
When we talk about the socialization of rural women, nowadays women across most of rural India love to socialize as meeting people and discussing the recent events helps them develop their own perspective towards an issue. Moreover, socialization has helped them to raise their voices over issues like alcoholism, hooliganism, women safety and other such concerns as has been observed via media reports coming in from all across the country.
Not only that, the rural woman of today is even able to offer financial support to her family; whereas, only a decade ago all that a rural woman was supposed to do was to work only within the confines of her own home; however, now even women have started contributing towards the financial well-being of the family by working with NGO's in order to earn some money.
Many NGO's nowadays hire rural women in order to empower them and utilize their talent. Mostly rural women know about stitching and handmade embroidery; therefore, NGO's hire women to produce good quality handmade products so that they can make money and feel more independent than ever before.
Now let’s look at a few examples of women who have set an example for others to follow:
- Agriculture laborer turned CEO of USA company:-
An average rural woman named Jyothi Reddy, who belongs from Warangal in Hyderabad worked as a labor in farms, her journey started when she was sent to the orphanage by her parents because they had 5 children; hence they could not bear the expenses of so many kids , later on she was forced to marry her cousin at the age of 16 years and then she had 2 children, she decided to join (NYK) Nehru Yuva Kendra as an active member and then she pursued her graduation from Ambedkar Open University in 1994 and completed her post-graduation from Kakatiya University in 1997.
She finally became a special teacher drawing a salary of 398 INR. The distance between the school and her place was around 2 hours; therefore, so she used sell sarees to the passengers so that she could earn more.
Even though she used to earn a decent amount, she wanted to do something more, so she went to the US and started working at a gas station, she somehow managed to earn an amount of 40000$ and started her own software company named Phoenix in 2001, and since then, she never looked back. Now she is living happily and empowering other rural women as well.
- Women behind Lijjat Papad:-
Rural women took a great initiative towards self-employment known as “Shri Mahila Griha Udyog” which made the brand possible, a group of women worked together over this product and made it a huge success, they all started with a loan and just 80rs and today due to the dedicated team of women now it has annual scale of 3.1 billion.
- Nauroti , sarpanch of Hardama, Rajasthan
This is an ideal example of a brave lady that worked hard to fight for the basic rights of people. She was born in a poor Dalit family, yet she managed to raise her voice against the unfair practices that used to happen in the village and then she finally succeeded in her mission and became the Sarpanch of the village.
At last, I would like to conclude by saying that if these transformations tend to go on like this, then surely there will be no difference left between a rural and an urban woman.