A National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) report indicates that men’s average daily earning is 56.2% higher than women’s in regular wage in India’s villages.
Average daily earning of a regular male employee in the informal sector was about Rs.189 for rural males, while it was Rs.121 for rural females, reveals the National Sample Survey’s report titled “Informal Sector and Conditions of Employment in India”. The was study conducted during July 2011-June 2012.
Daily wage rate of a casual labourer in the informal sector was about Rs.163 for rural men and Rs.116 for rural women. It was Rs.169 for men in cities and Rs.113 for women in villages. It said that the average daily earnings of a regular salaried employee in the AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors was about Rs.401, Rs.225 for those employed in the informal sector and about Rs.127 for those employed in the employer’s households.
Workers in AGEGC sector are those in agriculture sector but not a part of activities like growing crops, plant propagation, combined production of crops and animals without a specialized production of crops or animals. The daily wage rate of a casual labourer in the AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors was about Rs.155. It was about Rs.159 for those employed in informal sector and about Rs.116 for those employed in the employer’s households. It reveals that among workers in AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors, about 72% were em ployed in the informal sector.
The proportion was about 75% in villages and about 69% in cities. Among workers in the informal sector, about 86% in rural areas and 98% in urban areas were employed in the non-agriculture sector. This report is based on the employment and unemployment survey conducted in the 68th round of NSS during July 2011 to June 2012.
The survey was conducted in area spread over 12,737 first stage units (7,469 villages and 5,268 urban blocks) covering 1,01,724 households (59,700 in rural areas and 42,024 in urban areas) and enumerating 4,56,999 persons (2,80,763 in rural areas and 1,76,236 in urban areas).